Glossary of Terms
Cranio-Sacral … is a technique for finding and correcting cerebral and spinal imbalances or blockages that may cause sensory, motor or intellectual dysfunction.
Deep Tissue … releases chronic patterns of tension in the body through slow strokes and deep pressure on the contracted areas, either following or going across the grain of muscles, tendons and fascia. It is called deep tissue, because it also focuses on the deeper layers of muscle tissue.
Relaxation Massage …relaxation massage with lotion.
Effleurage … is a stroke generally used in a Swedish massage treatment.
This smooth, gliding stroke is used to relax soft tissue and is applied using both hands.
Fascia … is a structure of connective tissue that surrounds muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves, binding some structures together, while permitting others to slide smoothly over each other. People feel pain and/ or decreased range of motion when there is a problem or restriction in the fascia
Friction … is the deepest of Swedish massage strokes. This stroke encompasses deep, circular movements applied to soft tissue causing the underlying layers of tissue to rub against each other. The result causes an increase in blood flow to the massaged area.
Myofascial Release … This is the stretching of the two layers of fascia. The first layer is the elastic or muscular layer: this layer in itself will not change the memory of the tissue. The second layer, which is the callagenous layer, is the one that holds the memory of the trauma or holding pattern of the person and it is released in 3 to 5 minutes. This technique is not painful in any way unless it brings up emotional or physical problems that have been present in the second layer of the fascia.
Muscle Release … is a neuromuscular technique to aid in reversing the side effects of compensation patterns that develop because of prior injuries, overuse and/or trauma by stimulating the stretch reflex of muscles and overlying fascia.
On-Site Massage (also known as chair massage or corporate massage) … is administered while the client is clothed and seated in a specially designed chair. These chairs most often slope forward allowing access to the large muscles of the back.
On-site massage usually lasts between 15 and 30 minutes and is intended to relax and improve circulation.
Petrissage (also called kneading) … involves squeezing, rolling and kneading the muscles and usually follows effleurage during Swedish massage.
Reflexology Massage … based around a system of points in the hands and feet thought to correspond, or “reflex,” to all areas of the body.
Shiatsu and Acupressure … Oriental-based systems of finger-pressure which treat special points along acupuncture “meridians” (the invisible channels of energy flow in the body).
Sports Massage … is massage therapy focusing on muscle systems relevant to a particular sport.
Tapotement … is executed with cupped hands, fingers or the edge of the hand with short, alternating taps to the client.
Trigger Point Therapy (also known as Myotherapy or Neuromuscular Therapy) … Trigger points are known by the referral area that it emits. It is a muscle that has been contracted or stretched for too long. In order to release a trigger point, apply concentrated pressure to the contracted or stretched muscle.